Vitreoretinal Services

Vitreo Retinal Services
“You are nothing without your eyes, take care of them”

Vitreoretina department of MMJEI is one of the oldest in the state catering to the needs of the patients who are suffering from retinal pathology since the early 80s. This department is headed by Dr. A. S. Guruprasad the first vitreoretinal specialist in the region. It is well equipped with state of the art, ultra-modern high-end equipment.

Services offered include:

  • Thorough retinal evaluation and screening for Diabetic retinopathy, Hypertensive retinopathy, Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) etc..
  • ROP Screening for premature babies with Retcam imaging.
  • Fundus camera – to capture images of retina,
  • Heidelberg Spectralis OCT machine(HRA-2) – High resolution scanning machine for the retina
  • B-Scan & UBM – ultrasound imaging of the eye,
  • Fundus Fluorescein Angiography (FFA) and Indocyanine Green Chorioangiography (ICG) – to carefully study the retinal circulation and other pathologies,
  • Electrophysiological tests
    ERG – Electroretinography & VEP – to measure the electrical responses of various cell types in the retina.
  • Surgery for complex retinal detachments and macular surgery(Hole, ERM etc) the latest technique and technology – Ngenuity 3D visualization system – Digitally assisted Vitreoretina surgery (DAVS),
  • ZEISS Lumera 700 with integrated i–OCT,
  • All types of laser procedures such as for Diabetic retinopathy, retinal degeneration and holes, ROP, Vein occlusion etc. Multi spot & Micropulse laser.
  • Intravitreal injections (Anti VEGF, steroids/OZURDEX, Antibiotics/antifungals).
  • Special IOL implantation methods(SFIOL/IRIS CLAW/ANIRIDIC SFIOL/ SULCUS IOL)

This department has excellent coordination and adequate hands to decrease the waiting time of the patients This department also conducts long term fellowship program in sub-specialty and has produced excellent and successful fellows under the guidance of Dr. A. S. Guruprasad & Dr. Shrinivas M. Joshi.

It has 6 postS MS / DNB residents at any given time. The fellowship is affiliated to Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Karnataka.

MMJ Services - Vitreo Retinal

MMJ Services - Vitreo Retinal

MMJ Services - Vitreo Retinal

What are the symptoms of a retinal disease?

  • Flashes of light.
  • Floaters.
  • Thw Sudden or gradual decrease in vision.
  • Night Blindness.
  • Loss of field of vision.
  • Objects appearing distorted (Metamorphopsia).
MMJ Services - Vitreo Retina
MMJ Services - Vitreo Retina

Problems Associated with Vitreo-Retina

Various pathologies are affecting the retina most common ones are listed below:

Age-Related Macular Degeneration –
The damage of Macula can cause AMD which can lead to permanent vision loss.

Diabetic Retinopathy –
It is one of the most common eye issues associated with people having diabetes. High blood sugar levels cause damage to the blood vessels of the retina and damage it. In advanced stages, it can lead to blindness.

Hypertensive Retinopathy –
It is the retinal vascular damage caused by increased blood pressure.

Retinal Detachment –
It is mainly the detachment of the retina from the layer underneath. If it is not taken care of properly, there is a chance of permanent vision loss.

Retinopathy Of Prematurity (RoP) –
RoP is mainly caused due to the retinal blood vessels develop abnormally and affects prematurely born babies. It can also lead to retinal detachment and blindness.

Vitreo-Retina Surgeons & Specialists

At MMJoshi Eye Institute, we have some of the best Retina surgeons in Karnataka who are highly experienced and take complete care of you and your loved ones.

Dr. Guruprasad S. Ayachit

Dr. Guruprasad S. Ayachit

Retina Specialist
Dr. Shrinivas Joshi

Dr. Shrinivas Joshi

Retina Specialist
Dr. Apoorva Ayachit Nadkarni

Dr. Apoorva Ayachit Nadkarni

vitreoretinal services
Dr. Giriraj Vibhute

Dr. Giriraj Vibhute

vitreoretina services


  • What are signs of retina problems?

    Problems of retina can effect any part of the retina. The common signs shared by the retinal disorders include changes in vision such as flashes of light, a sudden increase of floaters, blurred or distorted vision, and even complete loss of vision.

  • Is there any possible cure for a damaged retina?

    Retinal diseases can lead to total blindness. But some level of damages to the retina can be cured with the help of medications, vitamins, injections, surgery, and laser treatment

  • How does a retina get detached?

    The retina usually gets detached due to a hole or tear in the retina caused either by inherent weakness, a dynamic vitreoretinal traction or due to an injury.

  • How long does vitreo retinal surgery take?

    Vitreoretinal surgeries are highly delicate surgeries as it an operation to treat eye problems involving the retina, macula, and vitreous gel. The procedure may take anywhere between 1 to 3 hours depending on the condtion of the retinal damage that is being treated upon.

  • What is the best treatment for retinal damage?

    There is no single best treatment. Depending on the contion of the retinal damamge, treatment in the form of medications or surgery are decided. The goal of retina treatment is to preserve and restore vision or prevent and slow down the damage of the retina. Surgical treatment for damaged Retina include Laser Surgery, Photocoagulation, Cryopexy.

  • How long is recovery from retinal disease?

    Depending on the disease condition, retinal diseaes may take from a week to few months to be cured. However, many diseases can only be stabilised, some diseases can only be observed without treatment.

  • How can I strengthen my retina naturally?

    While there are no natural treatments for damaged retina, eating a healthy diet rich in nutrientssuch as Lutein and Zeaxanthin, foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids, can help reduce eye diseases.

  • Which vitamin is good for eyes retina?

    Vitamin A, C and E and a few micronutrients

  • Can you go blind with retina?

    If untreated, some retinal diseases can cause severe vision loss or even blindness.

  • Are retina problems serious?

    Retinal diseases can affect any part of your retina and can cause total blindness. Therefore early diagnosis is necessary for any eye problems .

  • What is the latest retina treatment?

    With advancements in technology, there are a number of methods to treat retinal disorders. These include laser surgery photocoagulation, cryopexy, pneumatic retinopexy, scleral surgery, injection and implanting a retinal prosthesis.

  • How much does retina treatment cost in North Karnataka?

    Any where between Rs 10,000/- to Rs.60,000/- for surgery. For Injections given in few retinal disease it may vary between Rs.10,000/- to 50,000/- every one or two months

  • How successful is retina surgery?

    Retina surgery has a successs rate of an average of 80%, ranging from 50% to 95%

  • Does retina surgery improve vision?

    Curable retinal diseases results in improvement of vision

  • Will I need glasses after retina surgery?

    Most patients need some form of glasses after retina surgery

  • Is retinal surgery risky?

    Surgery always carry some risks. Expertise of the opthalmologists matters. Besides, the success rate of the surgery also depends on factors such as aging, advanced diabetes, family history . eye injury , cataract etc.